Flat fare is the easiest way to collect fares. Accordingly, each line has a particular fare which is deducted from the card balance according to the passengers’ card type. This method can be used together with the transfer fare application.
CICO is a method specially used in long distance lines to collect fares. It can be easily applied both in public transport buses within cities and in the metro, trams, railway networks, LRT and BRT. In order for this system to work in an efficient and reliable way, it is necessary to provide each entrance of the public transport buses with a validator. The validator, with the help of an embedded GPS module, calculates the distance covered by the passenger and deducts only the corresponding amount from the card balance. In case this system is used in the metro, LRT, BRT and trams, distance calculation is done by turnstiles at the stations.
This is a fare collection method that allows for transfers based on a limited time period among all public transport vehicles. It is a profitable application both for passengers and public transport companies. According to surveys, passengers using this system economize 30% in their total transportation cost. This type of method which is especially used in the big cities help to shorten the journey duration, the waiting period at the stops and to increase the efficiency and use of public transport.
The Off Peak Fare application limits the use of free cards in the peak hours. On the other hand, this type of faring system builds the infrastructure for applying different fare tariffs during peak hours.
Concessionary Fare is a tariff system that provides numerous advantages for privileged groups like students, retirees, the elderly, handicapped, and the veterans etc. under the permission and control of the administration. Because of this reason, smartcards are personalized with a photograph and the identity info of the owner. The personalized cards have to be endorsed by the authorities once a year in order to prevent abuse of the given privilege.
Short Term Ticket is an alternative for passengers who are on a short stay or for infrequent users of the public transport system. These types of cards are for single or limited number of usage. Prepaid short term tickets can be bought from kiosks or from the drivers within the vehicles. It eliminates the need for cash and it is valid in all public transport vehicles.